Teaching English

English Grammar | Full List of Irregular Verbs in English [A-Z]

Explore the full list of irregular verbs in English from A to Z, accompanied by audio for pronunciation clarity.
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Welcome to our complete guide on irregular verbs in English. Here, you’ll find a full list of irregular verbs from A to Z. Each verb is listed for easy reference, accompanied by example sentences, and audio recordings are provided for correct pronunciation

Some verbs on the list are marked with an asterisk (*), indicating they also have a regular form.

Irregular Verbs In English [A-Z]

INFINITIVEPAST SIMPLEPAST PARTICIPLEEXAMPLE SENTENCES
abide
[ə'baɪd]
abode*
[ə'boʊd]
abode*
[ə'boʊd]
'I can't abide her.'
[to dislike]

'Last month, she abided by the rules of the game.'
[to follow]

'I have always abode my brother's loud music.'
[to tolerate]
arise
[ə'raɪz]
arose
[ə'roʊz]
arisen
[ə'rɪzən]
'If the opportunity arises, I'd love to go to China.'
[to occur; to present itself]

'We arose early on Christmas morning.'
[to get up]

'Many questions have arisen since the investigation started.'
[to emerge]
awake
[ə'weɪk]
awoke*
[ə'woʊk]
awoken*
[ə'woʊkən]
'She awakes early every morning.'
[to wake up]

'The smell of baking bread awoke memories of her childhood.'
[to stir up]

'Young people have awoken to the environmental challenges we face.'
[to become aware]
be
[biː]
was/were
[wəz]/[wər]
been
[bɪn]
'She is happy.'

'He was tired yesterday.'

'They have been here before.'
bear
[ber]
bore
[bɔːr]
borne
[bɔːrn]
'She bears the heavy load easily.'

'He bore the pain bravely.'

'They have borne many challenges together.'
beat
[biːt]
beat
[biːt]
beaten
['bitən]
'He beats the drum loudly.'
[to hit repeatedly]

'She beat her opponent in the race yesterday.'
[to defeat]

'They have beaten their previous record.'
[to set a new record]
become
[bɪˈkʌm]
became
[bɪˈkeɪm]
become
[bɪˈkʌm]
'She becomes a doctor next year.'

'He became a teacher after college.'

'They have become good friends over time.'
begin
[bɪˈɡɪn]
began
[bɪˈɡæn]
begun
[bɪˈɡʌn]
'The class begins at 8:30 AM.'

'She began her new project last Monday.'

'He has begun to feel more confident lately.'
bend
[bend]
bent
[bent]
bent
[bent]
'He bends down to tie his shoes.'
[to lean over]

'She bent the metal spoon with her hands.'
[to curve]

'He has bent the rules to accommodate everyone.'
[to adapt]
bet
[bεt]
bet
[bεt]
bet
[bεt]
'He bets on horse races occasionally.'

'He bet on the wrong horse last weekend.'

'He has bet against the odds and won.'
be
[biː]
was/were
[wəz]/[wər]
been
[bɪn]
'She is happy.'

'He was tired yesterday.'

'They have been here before.'
bite
[baɪt]
bit
[bɪt]
bitten
[ˈbɪtən]
'She bites her nails when she's nervous.'

'The dogs bit their toys to pieces yesterday.'

'They have bitten into the chocolate bar already.'
bleed
[bliːd]
bled
[blɛd]
bled
[blɛd]
'She bleeds from her nose occasionally.'

'The cut bled for a few minutes.'

'The patient has bled excessively.'
blow
[bloʊ]
blew
[bluː]
blown
[bloʊn]
'He blows out the candles on his birthday cake.'

'The wind blew fiercely last night.'

'He has blown her nose into a tissue.'
break
[breɪk]
broke
[broʊk]
broken
[ˈbroʊkən]
'He always breaks the chocolate bar in half to share.'

'He broke his leg while skiing last winter.'

'He has broken the window accidentally.'
breed
[briːd]
bred
[brɛd]
bred
[brɛd]
'They breed rabbits on their farm.'

'She bred chickens for their eggs.'

'They have bred champion dogs for years.'
bring
[brɪŋ]
brought
[brɔːt]
brought
[brɔːt]
'I bring my lunch to work every day.'

'She brought a cake to the party last weekend.'

'She has brought her camera to capture the moment.'
broadcast
[ˈbrɔdkæst]
broadcast*
[ˈbrɔdkæst]
broadcast*
[ˈbrɔdkæst]
'She broadcasts her podcast twice a week.'

'The television station broadcast the game last night.'

'They have broadcast live events for years.'
build
[bɪld]
built
[bɪlt]
built
[bɪlt]
'She builds sandcastles on the beach.'

'They built a new school last year.'

'She has built her own business from scratch.'
burn
[bɜːrn]
burnt*
[bɜːrnt]
burnt*
[bɜːrnt]
'She burns incense to create a relaxing atmosphere.'

'He burnt his hand on the hot stove.'

'She has burnt herself while cooking.'
burst
[bɜrst]
burst
[bɜrst]
burst
[bɜrst]
'The balloon bursts when you blow too much air into it.'

'She burst into tears when she heard the sad news.'

'He has burst into laughter at the joke.'
buy
[baɪ]
bought
[bɔːt]
bought
[bɔːt]
'He buys a newspaper on his way to work.'

'She bought a gift for his friend's birthday.'

'She has bought tickets for the concert next week.'
can
[kæn]/[kən]
could
[kud]
be able
[biː ˈeɪbəl]
'He can swim in the pool.'

'She could run fast when she was young.'

'They have been able to finish their homework on time.'
cast
[kæst]
cast
[kæst]
cast
[kæst]
'He casts a spell on the book.'

'She cast a spell on the potion yesterday.'

'They have cast a spell on the wand before.'
catch
[kætʃ]
caught
[kɔːt]
caught
[kɔːt]
'He catches the ball easily.'

'The police caught the robber in the next town.'

'They have caught many butterflies today.'
chide
[tʃaɪd]

(reprimand)
chid
[tʃɪd]
chidden
[ˈtʃɪdn]
'She chides the boy for his sloppiness.'

'He chid his dog for chewing his shoes.'

'They have chidden their children for not doing their chores.'
choose
[tʃuz]
chose
[tʃoʊz]
chosen
[ˈtʃoʊzən]
'She chooses her outfit for the day every morning.'

'He chose to watch a movie last night.'

'They have chosen the best option for their vacation.'
do
[du]
did
[dɪd]
done
[dʌn]
'She does her homework every day.'

'He did his homework diligently.'

'She has done a great job on her presentation.'
eat
[iːt]
ate
[eɪt;]
eaten
[ˈiːtən]
'She eats an apple every day.'

'He ate a sandwich for lunch yesterday.'

'They have eaten dinner already.'
fall
[fɔːl]
fell
[fɛl]
fallen
[ˈfɔːlən]
feel
[fiːl]
felt
[fɛlt]
felt
[fɛlt]
find
[faɪnd]
found
[faʊnd]
found
[faʊnd]
forget
[fərˈgɛt]
forgot
[fəˈɡɒt]
forgotten
[fəˈɡɒtən]
get
[ɡɛt]
got
[ɡɒt]
got
[ɡɒt]

gotten
[ˈɡɒtən]
go
[goʊ]
went
[wɛnt]
gone
[gɔn]
hang
[hæŋ]
('hang' a person)
hanged
[ˈhæŋd]
hanged
[ˈhæŋd]
'In some countries, they hang criminals as a form of execution.'

'They hanged the prisoner at dawn.'

'The authorities have hanged the criminal.'
hang
[hæŋ]
('hang' something somewhere)
hung
[hʌŋ]
hung
[hʌŋ]
'She hangs her clothes out to dry.'

'He hung the picture on the wall.'

'He has hung his coat on the rack by the door.'
have
[hæv]
had
[hӕd]
had
[hӕd]
hide
[haɪd]
hid
[hɪd]
hidden
[ˈhɪdən]
keep
[kiːp]
kept
[kɛpt]
kept
[kɛpt]
know
[noʊ]
knew
[njuː]
known
[nəʊn]
light
[laɪt]
lit*
[lɪt]
lit*
[lɪt]
'He lights a fire in the fireplace every evening.'

'She lit the candle on the table.'

'He has lit a cigarette outside.'
make
[meɪk]
made
[meɪd]
made
[meɪd]
mean
[miːn]
meant
[mɛnt]
meant
[mɛnt]
meet
[miːt]
met
[mɛt]
met
[mɛt]
outdo
[ˌaʊtˈdu]
outdid
[ˌaʊtˈdɪd]
outdone
[ˌaʊtˈdʌn]
'She often outdoes her colleagues in sales performance.'

'Last year, he outdid himself with his performance.'

'They has outdone everyone's expectations.'
pay
[peɪ]
paid
[peɪd]
paid
[peɪd]
'She pays for groceries at the store.'

'He paid for his meal at the restaurant yesterday.'

'They have paid the bills for this month.'
put
[pʊt]
put
[pʊt]
put
[pʊt]
'She always puts the blame on others.'

'He put his shoes by the door yesterday.'

'They have put the blame on the wrong person before.'
read
[riːd]
read
[rɛd]
read
[rɛd]
'She reads a book every night.'

'You read my mind, I really wanted some coffee.'

'They have read the newspaper today.'
see
[siː]
saw
[sɔː]
seen
[siːn]
sit
[sɪt]
sat
[sæt]
sat
[sæt]
sing
[sɪŋ]
sang
[sæŋ]
sung
[sʌŋ]
spend
[spɛnd]
spent
[spɛnt]
spent
[spɛnt]
tell
[tɛl]
told
[toʊld]
told
[toʊld]
understand
[ˌʌndərˈstænd]
understood
[ˌʌndərˈstʊd]
understood
[ˌʌndərˈstʊd]
'She understands the instructions clearly.'

'He understood the lesson yesterday.'

'They have understood the importance of teamwork.'
write
[raɪt]
wrote
[roʊt]
written
[ˈrɪtən]

* Verb forms marked with a star (*) also have a regular form.

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